You Might Be Jobless Without These Sixteen Cognitive Skills

Structured problem solving is a systematic approach to problem solving that involves the following steps:

  1. Define the problem: Clearly identify and define the problem to be solved.
  2. Gather data: Collect relevant data and information about the problem.
  3. Develop alternative solutions: Generate and consider a range of possible solutions to the problem.
  4. Evaluate alternative solutions: Assess the pros and cons of each solution and determine the best course of action.
  5. Implement the solution: Take action to implement the chosen solution.
  6. Evaluate the results: Assess the effectiveness of the solution and make any necessary adjustments.

To master structured problem solving, it is important to develop a systematic approach to problem solving and to regularly practice using the process. This can involve seeking out training or mentorship opportunities, reading books or articles on the subject, and actively applying the process to real-world problems.

Mastering structured problem solving is important because it provides a systematic and effective approach to solving complex problems. It helps to ensure that all relevant information is considered, that all possible solutions are evaluated, and that the best solution is selected and implemented. Additionally, structured problem solving can help reduce the risk of making mistakes, increase efficiency, and improve decision making.


Storytelling is the art of creating and sharing stories in a way that engages, informs, and inspires others. Public speaking refers to the act of delivering a speech or presentation in front of an audience.

To master storytelling and public speaking, you can try the following steps:

  1. Practice: The more you practice, the more comfortable and confident you will become. You can start by telling stories to friends and family, or by giving presentations to small groups.
  2. Know your audience: Understanding your audience is key to effective storytelling and public speaking. Consider who your audience is, what their interests and needs are, and how you can tailor your message to meet those needs.
  3. Prepare your story or speech: Take the time to plan and organize your story or speech. Ensure that it has a clear structure, with a strong opening, middle, and closing.
  4. Use vivid and engaging language: Use descriptive language and vivid imagery to bring your story or speech to life.
  5. Engage your audience: Use body language, eye contact, and gestures to engage your audience and hold their attention.
  6. Rehearse: Rehearse your story or speech several times until you are confident and comfortable with it.
  7. Get feedback: Seek feedback from others on your storytelling or public speaking skills. This can help you identify areas for improvement and help you become a more effective communicator.

Mastering storytelling and public speaking is important because it helps to develop communication skills and improve the ability to connect with and influence others. This can be useful in both personal and professional settings, whether it be in giving presentations, sharing ideas, or building relationships. Additionally, it can increase confidence and help to develop leadership skills.


Work plan development is the process of creating a comprehensive plan to achieve specific goals or objectives in a specific time frame. A work plan outlines the steps, resources, and timelines required to complete a project or achieve a goal.

To master work plan development, you can follow these steps:

  1. Define the goal or objective: Clearly define what you want to achieve with your work plan.
  2. Conduct research: Gather information and data relevant to your goal or objective to inform the development of your work plan.
  3. Identify and prioritize tasks: Break down the goal into specific, manageable tasks and prioritize them based on their importance and dependencies.
  4. Allocate resources: Determine the resources, including time, money, and personnel, that will be needed to complete each task.
  5. Establish timelines: Develop a timeline for each task, including start and end dates, and identify any critical deadlines.
  6. Create a visual representation: Use a tool such as a Gantt chart or flowchart to visually represent your work plan, making it easier to understand and communicate to others.
  7. Monitor progress: Regularly monitor the progress of your work plan and make any necessary adjustments to keep it on track.

Mastering work plan development is important because it helps to ensure that projects and goals are completed efficiently, effectively, and on time. A well-designed work plan can help to minimize the risk of delays, identify potential roadblocks, and keep everyone on the same page. Additionally, it can help to improve collaboration and communication, increase productivity, and enhance decision making.


Creativity refers to the ability to generate new and original ideas, while imagination refers to the ability to visualize and create mental images of things that are not present.

To master creativity and imagination, you can follow these steps:

  1. Cultivate a growth mindset: Embrace new experiences, challenge yourself to try new things, and be open to learning and growth.
  2. Exercise your imagination: Regularly engage in activities that stimulate your imagination, such as reading, writing, drawing, or daydreaming.
  3. Surround yourself with inspiration: Seek out new experiences, new people, and new environments that can inspire new ideas and perspectives.
  4. Collaborate with others: Collaborating with others can help to generate new ideas, spark new perspectives, and push the boundaries of your imagination.
  5. Take breaks and step outside your comfort zone: Taking time to recharge and trying new things can help to boost creativity and imagination.
  6. Embrace uncertainty: Embrace ambiguity and uncertainty as opportunities for creative exploration.
  7. Practice, practice, practice: The more you practice using your creativity and imagination, the stronger they will become.

Mastering creativity and imagination is important because it helps to foster innovation, generate new ideas, and bring new perspectives to problem solving. Additionally, it can help to improve critical thinking, enhance decision making, and promote personal and professional growth. In today’s rapidly changing world, having strong creative and imaginative skills can be a valuable asset in both personal and professional life.


Logical reasoning refers to the process of analyzing information and making informed decisions based on that information. It involves using critical thinking and deduction to evaluate arguments and reach conclusions.

To master logical reasoning, you can follow these steps:

  1. Practice regularly: Regular practice with logic puzzles, brain teasers, and other exercises can help to improve your logical reasoning skills.
  2. Read critically: Developing critical reading skills can help you to evaluate information, identify arguments, and recognize flawed reasoning.
  3. Study formal logic: Studying formal logic can help you to understand the basic principles of reasoning, including syllogisms and deductive arguments.
  4. Engage in debate: Participating in debates and discussions can help you to hone your reasoning skills, as well as improve your ability to express your ideas clearly and persuasively.
  5. Practice critical thinking: Practice evaluating information and arguments with a critical eye, paying close attention to evidence and reasoning.
  6. Avoid biases and preconceptions: Try to approach problems and arguments with an open mind, avoiding preconceived notions and biases that can cloud your judgment.
  7. Seek feedback: Seek feedback from others on your reasoning skills and be open to constructive criticism.

Mastering logical reasoning is important because it helps to develop critical thinking skills and enhance decision making. Logical reasoning is a valuable tool for evaluating information, solving problems, and making informed decisions in both personal and professional life. Additionally, strong logical reasoning skills can help you to better understand complex ideas and arguments, and communicate your ideas more effectively.


Bias refers to a systematic error in thinking that leads to distorted perceptions and interpretations. Understanding biases is important because they can influence our thinking and decision making in ways that can lead to poor outcomes.

To master understanding biases, you can follow these steps:

  1. Educate yourself: Learn about different types of biases and how they can impact our thinking and decision making.
  2. Practice self-reflection: Take the time to reflect on your own thoughts, emotions, and decisions to identify potential biases.
  3. Seek out diverse perspectives: Seek out different perspectives and engage with people from diverse backgrounds to broaden your understanding of the world.
  4. Challenge your assumptions: Regularly challenge your assumptions and be open to new information and perspectives.
  5. Be mindful of your emotions: Be mindful of your emotional state and how it may be impacting your thinking and decision making.
  6. Consider multiple explanations: When evaluating information or arguments, consider multiple explanations and avoid jumping to conclusions.
  7. Seek feedback: Seek feedback from others and be open to constructive criticism on your biases and decision making.

Mastering understanding biases is important because it helps to improve decision making, reduce the impact of errors in thinking, and promote a more accurate understanding of the world. Additionally, it can help to foster more inclusive and equitable thinking and decision making, and lead to more effective communication and collaboration with others.

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Seeking relevant information refers to the process of identifying, locating, and evaluating information that is needed to solve a problem, make a decision, or achieve a goal.

To master seeking relevant information, you can follow these steps:

  1. Define your information need: Clearly define what information you are looking for and why you need it.
  2. Identify sources: Identify potential sources of information, such as books, articles, websites, and experts in the field.
  3. Evaluate sources: Evaluate the credibility and relevance of each source by considering factors such as the author’s qualifications, the publication date, and the source’s reputation.
  4. Use effective search strategies: Use effective search strategies, such as using keywords and advanced search features, to find the information you need.
  5. Organize and analyze information: Organize the information you have found and analyze it to identify patterns, relationships, and insights.
  6. Synthesize and apply information: Synthesize the information you have gathered and apply it to solve problems, make decisions, or achieve goals.
  7. Evaluate the results: Evaluate the results of your information search to determine if you have achieved your information need and if there are additional sources of information you need to explore.

Mastering seeking relevant information is important because it helps to ensure that you have the information you need to make informed decisions, solve problems effectively, and achieve your goals. Additionally, being able to effectively seek and evaluate information is a valuable skill in many fields, including research, journalism, and business.




Time management and prioritization are skills that involve organizing and planning the use of time effectively in order to achieve goals and maximize productivity.

To master time management and prioritization, you can follow these steps:

  1. Set clear goals: Identify your long-term and short-term goals and prioritize them based on importance and urgency.
  2. Make a to-do list: Write down all the tasks you need to complete, including both professional and personal tasks.
  3. Prioritize tasks: Prioritize tasks based on their importance, urgency, and deadline.
  4. Use a calendar: Use a calendar to schedule appointments, deadlines, and other important events.
  5. Practice focus: Practice focusing on one task at a time and minimize distractions such as social media, email, and phone calls.
  6. Use the Pomodoro Technique: This technique involves working on a task for a set amount of time, taking a break, and then repeating the process.
  7. Delegate tasks: Delegate tasks to others when possible to free up your time for more important tasks.
  8. Be flexible: Be flexible and adjust your plan as needed based on changing circumstances and priorities.

Mastering time management and prioritization is important because it helps to ensure that you use your time effectively, achieve your goals, and minimize stress and burnout. Additionally, being able to effectively manage your time and prioritize tasks is a valuable skill in many fields and can lead to increased productivity and career success.

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Agile thinking is a way of approaching problem-solving, decision-making, and project management that emphasizes flexibility, collaboration, and customer focus. Agile thinking is based on the principles of the Agile methodology, which was originally developed for software development but has since been applied to many other fields.

To master Agile thinking, you can follow these steps:

  1. Embrace change: Agile thinking emphasizes that change is a constant and that the ability to adapt to change is essential.
  2. Focus on value: Agile thinking prioritizes delivering value to the customer over following a rigid plan or sticking to a specific schedule.
  3. Emphasize collaboration: Agile thinking encourages collaboration between team members, stakeholders, and customers to ensure that everyone’s perspectives are heard and incorporated.
  4. Prioritize feedback: Agile thinking values continuous feedback and improvement, and encourages teams to regularly reassess their work and make changes as needed.
  5. Encourage experimentation: Agile thinking encourages experimentation and innovation, and encourages teams to try new approaches and solutions.
  6. Embrace simplicity: Agile thinking prioritizes simplicity and minimizes complexity in order to make it easier for teams to deliver value quickly.
  7. Practice continuous learning: Agile thinking emphasizes continuous learning, and encourages teams to regularly reflect on their work and identify areas for improvement.

Mastering Agile thinking is important because it helps individuals and teams to be more flexible, adaptive, and customer-focused in their approach to problem-solving, decision-making, and project management. Additionally, Agile thinking can lead to increased efficiency, productivity, and customer satisfaction.


Asking the right questions is the ability to identify and ask questions that are relevant, thought-provoking, and lead to a deeper understanding of a situation, person, or problem.

To master asking the right questions, you can follow these steps:

  1. Listen actively: Pay close attention to what is being said, and be mindful of any non-verbal cues or body language.
  2. Clarify your understanding: Ask clarifying questions to ensure you have a clear understanding of the situation or problem.
  3. Ask open-ended questions: Ask questions that encourage the person to elaborate and provide more information, such as “What led you to that conclusion?” or “Can you explain that in more detail?”
  4. Ask probing questions: Ask questions that go deeper and encourage the person to think critically about the situation or problem, such as “What are some potential consequences of that decision?” or “What are the underlying causes of this issue?”
  5. Avoid leading questions: Avoid asking questions that are overly specific or biased, as these can limit the scope of the conversation or lead to inaccurate information.
  6. Consider the context: Consider the context in which the conversation is taking place and tailor your questions accordingly.
  7. Practice: Practice asking the right questions in different situations, and seek feedback on your approach.

Mastering the ability to ask the right questions is important because it helps individuals and teams to gather more relevant and accurate information, encourage critical thinking and creativity, and foster deeper understanding and collaboration. Additionally, asking the right questions is a valuable skill in many fields, including problem-solving, decision-making, and interpersonal communication.


Synthesizing messages refers to the process of combining multiple sources of information into a single, cohesive message. To master it, one can practice:

  1. Active listening to understand all perspectives
  2. Organizing information effectively
  3. Identifying common themes
  4. Simplifying complex information.

It is important to master synthesizing messages because it helps in effectively communicating and presenting information to others, improving decision making and collaboration, and increasing one’s influence and credibility.


Active listening is a communication technique that involves fully focusing and paying attention to what someone is saying, not just hearing their words. It involves not only hearing the words, but also understanding the tone, context, and emotions behind them.

To master active listening, one must:

  1. Pay attention to the speaker – Avoid distractions and give your full attention to the person speaking.
  2. Practice empathy – Put yourself in the other person’s shoes and understand their feelings and perspectives.
  3. Ask questions – Show the speaker that you are actively engaged and interested in what they have to say.
  4. Avoid interrupting – Allow the speaker to finish their thoughts before responding.
  5. Repeat what you heard – Summarize what the speaker has said to show you understand and have been paying attention.

Active listening is important because it helps build trust, improves relationships, and promotes effective communication. It also helps in resolving conflicts and understanding the other person’s perspective. Good listeners are respected and valued in personal and professional settings.


Translating knowledge to different contexts means taking the information that you have learned and making it relevant to a new or different situation. This can be done by adapting the information to meet the needs, values, and beliefs of a new audience or by changing the language and examples used to explain the information in a way that makes sense to the new context.

Mastering the art of translating knowledge to different contexts requires the following skills:

  1. Communication skills: Being able to clearly and effectively communicate the information to others is essential for successful knowledge translation.
  2. Adaptability: Being able to adjust your approach to meet the needs and preferences of different audiences is crucial for successful knowledge translation.
  3. Cultural awareness: Understanding the cultural differences between different contexts can help you to tailor your knowledge translation to be more effective.
  4. Critical thinking: Being able to analyze and interpret the information in a new context and adjust it accordingly is important for successful knowledge translation.
  5. Empathy: Being able to put yourself in the shoes of the new audience and understand their perspective can help you to translate your knowledge in a way that is meaningful to them.

It is important to master the art of translating knowledge to different contexts because it enables you to share your expertise and knowledge with others in a way that is accessible and relevant to them. This can lead to more effective communication, increased understanding, and better outcomes for all parties involved.


Adopting a different perspective means looking at a situation, problem or idea from a different point of view. This means considering the perspectives of others, stepping outside of one’s own biases and seeing things from a new angle.

To master this skill, one can practice active listening and empathy. This means truly trying to understand others’ perspectives, even if they differ greatly from one’s own. It’s also helpful to regularly challenge one’s own beliefs and assumptions.

It’s important to master this skill because it leads to a better understanding of others and the world around us. It also helps to reduce conflict and improve communication and problem solving skills. Additionally, adopting different perspectives can lead to new and innovative solutions and ideas.


Adaptability is the ability to adjust or modify oneself to new situations, environments or changes in order to be successful and achieve one’s goals.

To master adaptability, one should:

  1. Embrace change: Accept that change is inevitable and learn to embrace it as a challenge.
  2. Stay open-minded: Keep an open mind and be willing to try new things, even if they are uncomfortable.
  3. Be proactive: Take action instead of waiting for changes to happen. Proactively seek out new experiences and opportunities for growth.
  4. Stay flexible: Be flexible and adaptable in your thinking and approach. Be willing to change your plans when necessary.
  5. Learn from failure: Failure is an opportunity to learn and grow. Embrace it and use it as a way to improve.

Adaptability is essential in today’s fast-paced, ever-changing world. It allows individuals to be more resilient, creative and innovative in the face of challenges and change. Those who master adaptability are better equipped to succeed in their personal and professional lives and are more likely to thrive in an ever-changing world.


The ability to learn refers to the capacity to acquire new information, skills, and knowledge through various methods such as observation, study, and practice.

To master this ability, one can follow the following steps:

  1. Develop a growth mindset: The belief that abilities and intelligence can be developed through hard work and effort.
  2. Set clear learning goals: Define what you want to learn and how you plan to achieve it.
  3. Practice active learning: Engage in the learning process through questions, discussion, and hands-on activities.
  4. Stay curious: Continuously seek new knowledge and opportunities to learn.
  5. Seek feedback and reflect on your learning: Review your progress and identify areas for improvement.

It is essential to master the ability to learn because it enables individuals to continuously adapt to new challenges and opportunities in life. It also helps to improve critical thinking skills and problem-solving abilities, and it can lead to personal and professional growth. With the rapidly changing pace of technology and global competition, the ability to learn is becoming increasingly important in the modern world.


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